My intent is to address problems we have encountered that the typical reloading manuals do NOT address and talk about how we overcame the difficulty.
As a broad problem category, lets talk about our difficulties in terms of the steps for reloading.
1. Case cleaning (or not – I know of a reloader who does not do this)
2. Case re-sizing (the act of firing results in the case expanding thus it must be returned to standard size. Yes I know cases from the same firearm need not be resized fully, but cases for automatic actions should always be. )
3. Case de-capping (removing the expended, fired primer)
4. Case priming (install a new primer)
5. Case mouth expansion or case chamfering (primarily pistol cases where the resized case mouth is a much smaller diameter than the flat base of a new bullet – the shape of most high speed rifle bullets compensate for the resized case with beveling or boat-tails with a case mouth chamfer, plus rifle re-size dies expand the neck from the inside on the removal stroke.)
6. Case recharging (adding powder)
7. Bullet seating (inserting a new bullet)
8. Bullet crimping (a mechanical means of retaining the bullet location after it is seated.)
9. Final and complete quality check. (a reloader checks everything he does all along the way and inspects each process. I include this step separately because I know very few reloaders who are aware that you can perform a final step to VERIFY your ammo is up to industry standards.)